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Tautologies

Cornelis Gijsbrechts





Canvas, 1670

Marcel Duchamp





Bottle Rack, 1917

René Magritte



La Trahison des Images
("Ceci n'est pas une pipe"),
1928-29

La Trahison des Images
("Ceci continue de ne pas
être une pipe"), 1952



This is a piece of cheese, 1937



Les Deux Mystères, 1966

 



"Ceci n'est pas une pomme"









Jasper Johns

Flag, 1954-55

Target, 1969


Flag above white collage, 1955



Two Flags (in six parts), 1973



Three Flags, 1958



Target, 1974



"And in Jasper Johns' work – such as his 'Target' and 'Flag' paintings and his ale cans – one has a particularly good example of art existing as analytical proposition."

Joseph Kosuth: "Art after Philosophy, part II." Studio International, November 1969, p.161.

 

Gerhard Rühm

Bild

("Image"), 1955

 

Ben Vautier

mot

("word") 1958
  
des mots
 
 
des mots
 
 
des mots
 

("words words words") 1958

ART

1958

("I am black and beautiful") 1959
rouge

("red") 1960

  
 blanc 
     

("white") 1961

TRUTHS (1961)

Truth exists and is beautiful in its essence, so I communicate and create it on canvas, in letters, or even orally, as thruths such as:
1 + 1 = 2.

price
50 $

1964

  
NOUVEAU
     

("new") 1965

  
Kunst
     

("Art") 1965
  
noire
     

("black") 1965

  
toile
     

("canvas") 1965

  
1966
     

1966


("canvas 45 cm long") 1966

("not dated") 1966

1989

1990

("I wanted to abandon art but I made art out of it")

("art is a written word")

("the work is here identified with the message")

     


Billy Apple

1960     


Tony Conrad

 
  
This piece is its name.
     

1961

 



Sol LeWitt

 

 Red Square, White Letters, 1962. (Detail.)

 


On Kawara

SOMETHING

From: "Nothing, Something, Everything", 1963.

LAT.31°25'N
LONG.8
°41'E

"Location", 1965

JAN.15,1966

"This painting itself is January 15, 1966".

"Wednesday", 1978

"Wednesday", 1979

1980

1987

1988

1989


Björn Springfeldt: On Kawara. Continuity/Discontinuity, 1963-1979. Moderna Museet, Stockholm, 1980. (Includes a list of all "Date Paintings" (Today Series) with their subtitles from January 4, 1966 until December 20, 1979.)

Robert Indiana

Zero, 1964

Five, 1964

Eternal Hexagon 6, 1964

One, 1968

Heptagon 7, 1975

Octagon 8, 1975


Yannis Kounellis



Untitled (Paint), 1965

Joseph Kosuth

FIVE COLORS AND FIVE WORDS

(neon) 1965

THREE COLOR SENTENCE

(neon) 1965

FIVE WORDS IN ORANGE NEON

(neon) 1965

"Wittgenstein's Color", 1989.

NEON ELECTRICAL LIGHT ENGLISH GLASS LETTERS GREEN EIGHT

NEON ELECTRICAL LIGHT ENGLISH GLASS LETTERS BLUE EIGHT

NEON ELECTRICAL LIGHT ENGLISH GLASS LETTERS RED EIGHT

"Neon Electrical Light, English Glass Letters", 1966.



Clear, Square, Glass, Leaning, 1965.

[Four clear square glass panes leaning to the wall.]



"Floor - A Description", 1966.

 

One and Three Chairs, 1965.

[Photograph, chair, and entry for "chair" in etymological dictionary".]

One and Three Chairs, 1965.

[Photograph, chair, and entry for "chair" in English-to-French translation dictionary.]

One and Three Chairs, 1965.

[Photograph, chair, and entry for "chair" in English-to-German translation dictionary.]

Glass: One and three, 1965.

[Photograph, glass pane, and dictionary definition of "glass".]
Wall: One and Five, 1965.

[White plaster wall with photograph of the wall and entries for "white", "plaster" and "wall" in English-to-Latin translation dictionary.]

One and Three Saws, 1965.

[Photograph, saw, and entry for "saw" in English-to-Italian translation dictionary.]

One and Three Pans, 1965.



Joseph Kosuth: Nine Paintings with Words as Art, 1966.

ENGLISH
NINE
GREY
CANVAS
RECTANGLE
WORDS
LETTERS
ART
PAINTING

Joseph Kosuth: "Titled (Art as Idea as Idea)".

Painting [Dictionary definition.] 1966.
To Paint [Eight-part entry from etymological dictionary.] 1966. Water [Dictionary translation: English-to-French.] 1966.
Water [Dictionary definition.] 1966.
Idea [Entry from
etymological dictionary.] 1966.
Nothing [Dictionary translation:
English-to-French.] 1967.
Nothing [Dictionary translation:
English-to-Danish.] 1967.

Meaning [Dictionary translation:
English-to-Italian.] 1967.

Silence [Dictionary translation:
English-to-Italian.] 1967.

Nothing [Dictionary translation:
English-to-Italian.] 1967.

Nothing [Dictionary definition.] 1967.

Nothing [Dictionary translation:
English-to-German.] 1967.

Nothing [Dictionary translation:
English-to-Spanish.] 1967.

Art  [Dictionary definition.] 1967.

Ultimate [Dictionary definition.] 1967.

 

Terry Atkinson and Michael Baldwin

"Map of an area of dimension 12''x12'' indicating 2.304 1/4" squares (Map of itself)", 1967.

"This 'map' has no correspondence with anything else but itself in terms of the spatial indices. It is 'the country itself'."

Michael Baldwin, Charles Harrison, Mel Ramsden: Art & Language in Practice. Vol. 1. Illustrated Handbook. Catalogue Fundació Antoni Tąpies. Barcelona, 1999.


William Anastasi

READING A LINE ON A WALL

Untitled, 1967. (Word Mural.)

"Six Sites" (Dwan Gallery, New York, April 1967). Six silk-screened paintings, one for each discrete wall of the gallery. Each painting depicts, on a scale of 90/100, the wall on which it hangs, showing in their appropriate positions the air-vents, the electrical outlets, the picture molding.

"Papering", 1967. Performance version of "Six Sites": Installing wallpaper with the (slightly reduced) image of the wall.

Aaron Levy & Jean-Michel Rabaté (eds.): William Anastasi's Pataphysical Society: Jarry, Joyce, Duchamp and Cage. Philadelphia: Slought Books, 2005.

 


Mel Bochner: Measurements

Room, 1969

12" plate, 1994

Two 12" plates, 1994

12" X 3, 1997

9' (red), 2000

12" square (spin), 2000

12" transverse (spin), 2000

48" (black red)

+ 12" square (red rider), 2001

12" (side out), 2001

12" insert, 2001


Arman



Accumulation, 1973



Untitled (Rulers), 1998



Lawrence Weiner



A translation from one language to another /
Een vertaling van de ene taal naar de andere.
Spui, Amsterdam, 1996


Tautology in Software Art

Aqeel Ahmad: DHTML Chaos. (<5k DHTML, 2002.)

Tomaki Maeda: [ON|OFF]. (<5k JavaScript, 2002.)

Patrick May: Lightswitch, 2000. A self-documenting web-page.

Paul Poloskov: Square of Useless Information, 2002.

Rixta/3SC: SelfDisassembler, 2000. An assembly program which prints out its own code. Tautology here borders on Escher-style virtuoso self-reference.

Kris Steeves:  Guess the number of bytes (<5k, 2001)

Mikolaj Swidzinski: The Other Site. (<5k, 2002.)

 

Acknowledgment

Jochem van der Spek suggested one of the links.